Pes planus is the correct term for flat feet or fallen arches. In this condition, the inside of the foot has little to no arch. The inside of the foot touches the ground when standing as opposed to remaining high or arched. Pes planus, a moderately common foot deformity, is thought to affect 20–30% of the population. One foot or both feet may be affected.
It’s possible that flat feet are inherited and that they run in families. It can be obtained by stretching the tissues in the feet as a result of an injury, being overweight, or simply getting older. Some women may even experience fallen arches during pregnancy. Certain conditions that affect the structures of the body such as muscles, bones and nerves can cause fallen arches. Fallen arches are common in people with cerebral palsy, spina bifida and down’s syndrome for example.
Flat feet may not be painful or cause other issues for some people. Pain in the ankle and foot, however, is a possibility. Plantar fasciitis can occur in some people. High-impact or intense physical activity may become more challenging. Since the feet serve as the body’s foundation, collapsed arches can also cause knee, hip, and back pain.
If someone has symptomatic flat foot or pes planus often an insole with a good arch support is recommended. An insole can help hold the foot in a better position and reduce stress and strain on the structures of the foot.
Would you like to know more about common foot pain problems before making a choice? You may find one of the following blog articles useful:
Achilles Tendonitis Click here to read our ‘Foot Pain – Achilles Tendonitis?’ blog to find out more.
Diabetic Neuropathy Click here to read our ‘Foot Pain – Diabetic Neuropathy?’ blog to find out more.
Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction Click here to read our ‘Foot Pain – Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction?’ blog to find out more.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Click here to read our ‘Foot Pain – Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome?’ blog to find out more.